Hungary elects its MEPs using proportional representation in one nationwide constituency. Hungary elected 24 MEPs in their first European election in 2004, and will elect 22 next weekend.
The 2004 election produced the following result:
- Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union (European People’s Party) – 47.4%, 12 seats
- Hungarian Socialist Party (Party of European Socialists) – 34.3%, 9 seats
- Alliance of Free Democrats (Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe) – 7.7%, 2 seats
- Hungarian Democratic Forum (European People’s Party) – 5.3%, 1 seat
Recent politics in Hungary has been dominated by rivalry between the conservative Fidesz and the centre-left Socialist Party (the successor to the Communist ruling party up until the 1980s). While the Hungarian Democratic Forum won the 1990 election, the Socialist Party won in 1994 in a landslide, and the 1998, 2002 and 2006 elections have all seen close results between the Socialists and Fidesz, with Fidesz winning in 1998 and the Socialists winning in 2002 and 2006.
Recent polls show a pretty decisive result, with Fidesz polling 66-71% in the polls produced in May, with the Socialist Party on 14-21%. The other two parties with incumbent MEPs are both consistently polling below 5%, suggesting they will likely lose representation.
There is one other party with a shot at winning a seat, the far-right Movement for a Better Hungary, who goes by the shorter name Jobbik. Jobbik has been polling around 4-7% in recent polls, which could give it one seat in the European Parliament. The party did not run in 2004 and did not qualify for seats at the 2006 Hungarian election.