Cause of by-election
Sitting Nationals MP Michael Johnsen resigned his seat not long after his party leader John Barilaro called for him to step down in wake of accusations of rape and of sending inappropriate messages while sitting in the parliamentary chamber.
Margin – NAT 2.6%
Northern NSW. Upper Hunter covers rural areas to the northwest of Newcastle. It covers all of Dungog, Gloucester, Muswellbrook and Upper Hunter local government areas, most of the Liverpool Plains council area, the populated parts of the Singleton council area, and parts of Great Lakes and Mid-Western areas. The seat’s major centres are Singleton, Muswellbrook, Scone and Dungog.
Upper Hunter has existed since 1859, with the exception of a decade around the turn of the century and three terms in the 1920s. It elected a single MP from 1859 to 1880, two MPs from 1880 to 1894, and single-member since 1904. The seat has been held by the Country/National Party continuously since the early 1930s. The last time it was held by the ALP was for six months in 1910.
Sitting Nationalist MP William Cameron died in 1931. Under the coalition agreement between the Nationalist Party and the Country Party, Upper Hunter was allocated as a Nationalist seat. Local Country Party branches supported Malcolm Brown as an independent, without the official support of the party. While the Nationalist candidate won the most primary votes, but Brown won the seat on preferences. After his election he joined the Country Party officially. Brown held the seat until his death in 1939.
The 1939 by-election was won in D’Arcy Rose, also of the Country Party. He held the seat until his retirement in 1959.
Upper Hunter was won in 1959 by Leon Punch. In 1962, he shifted to the seat of Gloucester. A contested preselection saw himself and another Country Party candidate both stand for Gloucester, but Punch won easily. Punch was elected Deputy Leader of the NSW Country Party and became a minister in 1973. In 1975 he was elected leader of the National Country Party, a role he held until his retirement in 1985. He also served as Deputy Premier from 1975 to 1976.
Upper Hunter was won in 1962 by Frank O’Keefe, who had held Liverpool Plains since 1961. His old seat was abolished in the redistribution. O’Keefe held Upper Hunter until 1969, when he resigned and won the federal seat of Paterson. He held Paterson until its abolition in 1984.
Col Fisher won the 1970 by-election. He served as a minister from 1975 to 1976, and retired in 1988.
George Souris held Upper Hunter for the National Party from 1988 until 2015. He served as a minister from 1992 to 1995. He was elected deputy leader of the NSW National Party in 1993, and served as National Party leader from 1999 to 2003.
Nationals candidate Michael Johnsen won Upper Hunter in 2015. He was re-elected in 2019, and resigned in early 2021.
- Kirsty O’Connell (Independent)
- Archie Lea (Independent)
- Eva Pears (Liberal Democrats)
- Dale McNamara (One Nation)
- David Layzell (Nationals)
- Tracy Norman (Independent)
- Steven Reynolds (Independent)
- Sue Abbott (Greens)
- Jeff Drayton (Labor)
- Calum Blair (Sustainable Australia)
- Michael Dello-Iacovo (Animal Justice)
- Sue Gilroy (Shooters, Fishers & Farmers)
- Kate Fraser (Independent)
The circumstances of Johnsen’s departure won’t be helpful to the Nationals, but the current political environment may be favourable to the incumbent government. Labor, One Nation and the Shooters will be eyeing off this seat, so the order of elimination could be crucial
|Lee Watts||Shooters, Fishers & Farmers||10,697||22.0||+22.0|
|Mark Ellis||Liberal Democrats||2,151||4.4||+4.4|
|Calum Blair||Sustainable Australia||1,077||2.2||+2.2|
|Claire Robertson||Animal Justice||961||2.0||+2.0|
|Richard Stretton||Christian Democrats||927||1.9||-0.2|
2019 two-party-preferred result
Booths in Upper Hunter have been split into six areas, based on council areas. Polling places in the Dungog, Liverpool Plains, Singleton and Upper Hunter council areas have been grouped together by council area. Those in the former Gloucester and Great Lakes council areas (now Mid-Coast Council) have been grouped as ‘Gloucester-Stroud’, while those in the Muswellbrook and Mid-Western council areas have been grouped as ‘Muswellbrook’.
The Nationals won a majority of the two-candidate-preferred vote in four out of six areas, ranging from 52.9% in Dungog to 65.3% in the Liverpool Plains. Labor won 50.9% in Muswellbrook and 54.9% in Singleton.
|Voter group||SFF prim %||NAT 2PP %||Total votes||% of votes|
Election results in Upper Hunter at the 2019 NSW state election
Toggle between two-party-preferred votes and primary votes for the Nationals, Labor and the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers parties.