Lithuania first elected MEPs in 2004, when they elected 13 MEPs. They willl elect 12 in 2009, using a system of proportional representation with party lists. The 2004 election result was:
- Labour Party (European Democratic Party) – 30.2%, 5 seats
- Social Democratic Party (Party of European Socialists) – 14.4%, 2 seats
- Homeland Union (European People’s Party) – 12.6%, 2 seats
- Liberal and Centre Union (European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party) – 11.2%, 2 seats
- Peasants and New Democratic Party Union (Union for Europe of the Nations) – 7.4%, 1 seat
- Order and Justice (UEN) 6.8%, 1 seat
The 2004 parliamentary elections saw a similar result, but parliamentary elections last year produced dramatic changes, with Homeland Union coming first on 19%, while the Labour Party’s vote collapsed to under 10%. The new centrist National Resurrection Party also performed well, coming second on 15%.