ALP vs GRN 2.0%
Bronwyn Pike, since 1999.
Inner Melbourne. The seat of Melbourne covers the Melbourne CBD and surrounding areas. It covers all parts of the City of Melbourne north of the Yarra River, as well as small parts of Moonee Valley and Yarra council areas. Melbourne covers the suburbs of Carlton, Carlton North, East Melbourne, Flemington, Kensington, Newmarket, North Melbourne, Parkville, West Melbourne and parts of Ascot Vale.
There was a district with the name “Melbourne” in the original Victorian Legislative Assembly at the 1856 election, before being abolished in 1859. It was recreated in 1889 as a single member district that has existed ever since. The seat has a long history of being held by the ALP, who have held it continously since 1908.
The recreated Melbourne district was won by Geoffrey Carter in 1889, and was won in 1900 by Labor candidate Edward Findley. Findley was expelled in 1901 for seditious libel after publishing an Irish article criticising the King in a radical union newspaper that he edited. He lost the following by-election, but went on to serve in the Senate from 1903 to 1917 and again from 1922 to 1928.
The 1901 by-election was won by Conservative candidate James Boyd, who supported conservative state governments, including serving as a minister from 1907 to 1908, when he stepped down. He was elected as a federal Liberal MP in 1913 and served until his defeat in 1919.
Melbourne was won by Labor candidate Alexander Rogers in 1908. He held the seat until 1924. He was succeeded by Thomas Hayes, who held the seat until 1955. That year, he left the ALP and joined the new ALP (Anti-Communist), the precursor to the Democratic Labor Party, but was defeated at the 1955 election.
The seat was then held by the ALP’s Arthur Clarey from 1955 until 1972. In 1972, Melbourne was won by the ALP’s Barry Jones. He held the seat until 1977, when he resigned to run for the federal electorate of Lalor, which he held until his retirement in 1998. He served as a minister in the Hawke government and went on to serve as National President of the ALP.
The seat was then filled by Keith Remington from 1977 to 1988, and Neil Cole from 1988 to 1999.
In 1999, Melbourne was won by Bronwyn Pike. She has served as a minister in the Bracks and Brumby governments since the Bracks government’s first term, and has served as Minister for Education since 2007. The seat of Melbourne was considered very safe in 1999, with Pike winning 63.8% of the two-party vote. In 2002, the Greens first stood in the seat, running Dr Richard di Natale, who polled 24% of the primary vote and reducing Pike’s margin to 1.9%, which remained almost exactly the same in 2006. Di Natale went on to stand for the Senate in 2007 and was elected to the Senate at the 2010 federal election.
- Bronwyn Pike (Labor)
- Peter Lazzari (Independent)
- Maxine Fensom (Independent)
- Luke Martin (Liberal)
- Brian Walters (Greens)
- Rory Killen (Sex Party)
- John Perkins (Independent)
Melbourne is the ALP’s fourth most marginal seat in Victoria, and the most marginal contest between the ALP and the Greens. If there is much of a swing from the ALP to the Greens, as polls are suggesting and has been seen in a series of elections across Australia over the last two years, Melbourne would be likely to fall.
The state seat of Melbourne is also entirely contained within the federal electorate of the same name, which fell to the Greens with a swing of about 10% in August. Much less of a swing would be needed for the Greens to repeat their feat in the smaller state electorate.
|Richard di Natale||GRN||8,704||27.41||+3.21|
2006 two-candidate-preferred result
|Richard di Natale||GRN||15,238||47.99||-0.09|
There were only twelve regular polling booths in Melbourne at the 2006 state election. Booths have been divided into three areas:
- Central – Docklands, North Melbourne, Parkville.
- East – Carlton, East Melbourne
- Northwest – Flemington, Kensington
The Greens won a majority of the two-candidate-preferred vote in the east of the seat, while the ALP won a slim majority in the centre of the seat and a solid majority in the northwest. The Liberals performed most strongly in the east of the seat.
|Voter group||LIB %||ALP 2CP %||Total votes||% of votes|
Note: total numbers of votes cast in primary vote figures and two-candidate-preferred figures do not always equal the same numbers. “Total votes” here is based on the two-candidate-preferred figure, but the primary vote figures are calculated from a slightly different total. Victorian Electoral Commission figures do not always match exactly.