Bendigo – Election 2010

ALP 6.1%

Incumbent MP
Steve Gibbons, since 1998.

Geography
Bendigo and surrounding parts of northwestern Victoria. Bendigo covers Greater Bendigo, Mount Alexander and Central Goldfields council areas, as well as parts of Loddon and Macedon Ranges. Other major towns include Castlemaine and Maryborough.

History
Bendigo is an original federation electorate. In its 110-year history, the seat has switched back and forth between the major parties.

Bendigo was first won in 1901 by Protectionist candidate John Quick. Quick was a Victorian colonial MP and a delegate to the Constitutional Conventions. Quick served as a member of Alfred Deakin’s third ministry in 1909, and held the seat until his defeat in 1913.

Bendigo was won in 1913 by prominent lawyer John Arthur, standing for the ALP. Arthur won re-election in 1914 and was appointed Minister for External Affairs in the third Fisher government, but quickly fell ill and died in December 1914, aged 39.

The 1915 Bendigo by-election was won by the ALP’s Alfred Hampson. Hampson remained loyal to the ALP when it split over the issue of conscription in 1916, but at the 1917 election he was challenged for his seat by Prime Minister Billy Hughes, who had switched from the ALP to the new Nationalist Party.

Hughes had been a member of the House of Representatives since federation, holding the seat of West Sydney. He had served as a minister in the Labor governments of Chris Watson and Andrew Fisher, before becoming Prime Minister in 1915 upon Fisher’s retirement.

Hughes held Bendigo until 1922, when he switched to the seat of North Sydney. At that election his party lost its majority, and the price of Country Party support for the Nationalist government was Hughes’ replacement as Prime Minister by Stanley Bruce.

Hughes remained in Parliament for another three decades. He served on the backbench through Stanley Bruce’s government, before leading a group of rebels in 1929 which saw Bruce lose his majority and then lose the following election. Hughes later served in ministerial roles and indeed as leader of the United Australia Party, and served as an MP until his death in 1952.

Bendigo was won in 1922 by Nationalist candidate Geoffrey Hurry, who defeated the Country Party’s Edmund Jowett, whose seat of Grampians had been abolished in the redistribution. Hurry held the seat until the 1929 election, when he lost his seat.

Bendigo was won in 1929 by Richard Keane, who was General Secretary of the Australian Railways Union. He only held Bendigo for one term, losing in 1931, but later was elected to the Senate in 1937. He served as a minister in the wartime Labor governments, and died in 1946 while on government business in Washington DC.

Eric Harrison of the United Australia Party won Bendigo in 1931. He was re-elected in 1934, and attempted to move to the new seat of Deakin in 1937, but failed to win preselection, and retired.

In 1937, Bendigo was won by the Country Party’s George Rankin. Rankin held the seat until 1949, when the redistribution changed Bendigo substantially, and he was successful in winning election to the Senate. He served in the Senate until he retired in 1955.

In 1949, the ALP’s Percy Clarey won Bendigo. Clarey had been a member of the Victorian upper house and a state minister, while also serving as President of the ACTU. Clarey held the seat until his death in 1960.

The 1960 by-election was won by the ALP’s Noel Beaton. He held the seat until he resigned in 1969, triggering another by-election. The second by-election was won by the ALP’s David Kennedy. Kennedy lost Bendigo in 1972, against the flow of an election where Gough Whitlam won power for the ALP.

The Liberal Party’s John Bourchier won Bendigo in 1972, and held it until 1983, when he lost to the ALP’s John Brumby.

Brumby was re-elected in 1984 and 1987, but lost in 1990. Brumby was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council at a by-election in 1993, and only four months later was elected Leader of the Victorian ALP and won a second by-election for a Legislative Assembly seat. Brumby served as Opposition Leader until early 1999, when he stepped aside for Steve Bracks. Brumby served as a senior minister in the Bracks government from 1999 until Bracks’ retirement in 2007, when Brumby was elected as Premier.

Bruce Reid won Bendigo for the Liberal Party in 1990. He held the seat until 1998, when the ALP’s Steve Gibbons won the seat.

Candidates

Political situation
This seat is not particularly safe and could fall to the Liberal Party with a large swing.

2007 result

Candidate Party Votes % Swing
Steve Gibbons ALP 42,410 47.14 +3.61
Peter Kennedy LIB 34,562 38.42 -7.02
Toby Byrne GRN 6,521 7.25 +0.32
Terry Jarvis FF 3,190 3.55 -0.12
Eril Rathjen IND 1,865 2.07 +2.07
Edward Guymer DEM 577 0.64 +0.64
Adam Veitch IND 331 0.37 +0.37
Peter Consandine IND 304 0.34 +0.34
Clinton Gale LDP 210 0.23 +0.23

2007 two-candidate-preferred result

Candidate Party Votes % Swing
Steve Gibbons ALP 50,504 56.13 +5.17
Peter Kennedy LIB 39,466 43.87 -5.17

Booth breakdown
Booths have been divided into five areas.. Booths in Mount Alexander and Macedon Ranges council areas have been treated separately. Booths in Loddon and Central Goldfields have been grouped as “West”. Booths in Bendigo council area have been divided between those in the Bendigo urban area and those in the remainder of the council area. A majority of the population lives in the Bendigo urban area.

The Liberal Party only won a majority in the rural area around Bendigo, where they won a slim margin of less than 50.5%. The ALP won majorities of 54-56% in Bendigo, the Macedon Ranges and the west of the seat. The ALP won a much larger majority in the Mount Alexander area. The Greens also polled much higher in Mount Alexander than in the rest of the seat.

 

Polling booths in Bendigo. Macedon Ranges in yellow, Mount Alexander in blue, West in red, Bendigo Rural in orange, Bendigo City in green.

 

Voter group GRN % ALP 2CP % Total votes % of votes
Bendigo City 5.99 56.34 42,470 47.20
Mount Alexander 16.71 64.87 9,550 10.61
West 4.45 56.02 7,928 8.81
Bendigo Rural 4.67 49.52 7,123 7.92
Macedon Ranges 7.61 54.47 4,494 4.99
Other votes 7.36 54.15 18,405 20.46

Results of the 2007 federal election in the seat of Bendigo.

Results of the 2007 federal election in urban Bendigo.

Results of the 2007 federal election in Castlemaine.